Nail treatments

A huge range of products are now available in the market to help you both prevent and treat these problems and to provide care for your nails and cuticles. Choose from a variety of products that repair and rejuvenate, plus nail strengtheners, thickeners, growth activators, cleansers, fungus fighters, moisturizers, oils and conditioners. And remember to keep your nail implements clean to prevent bacteria and infection.

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TREATMENTS for Nails

Beautiful nails come with proper care and diligent attention, not only to the nail itself but to the cuticles, which provide protection for your nails. Keeping your cuticles healthy with proper trimming and moisturizing will make all the difference in the overall beauty and health of your nails. Over-trimming cuticles is a common mistake; cuticles should be minimally trimmed and well-hydrated in order to properly protect your nails. Brittle nails are a natural part of the aging process, resulting in dry, cracking or splitting nails. For a number of reasons (illness, infection, medications, poor circulation, trauma, frostbite, diet, nutrition, etc.), nails can also become discoloured, flaky, pitted and ridged.

Oils and Moisturisers

Why is moisturizing so important? Cuticles protect the nail from infections and when they are damaged, bacteria and fungi find it much easier to slip past them.
The preparations to combat dry skin are nail creams and lotions that are emollients: these are uniquely substances that are used solely to protect the skin and combat dryness.
Two groups:

  • Softening and moisturizing creams: to retard evaporation of water.
  • Plasticizers and oils: they retain the water inside the nail, preventing the loose.

Cuticle Creams

Cuticle cream is used for moisturizing and softening the layers of dead skin surrounding the fingernails and toenails. It is often applied before a manicure or pedicure, making them more flexible and easier to manipulate during a manicure or pedicure. Overgrown, dry, or ragged cuticles can then be gently pushed back and reshaped. This process both enhances the health of the nails and cuticles and gives the fingers or toes a more pleasing appearance.

Many of the cuticle creams are made up of some combination of vegetable or essential oils (avocado, green tea extract, Shea butter,…), occasionally with vitamins (vitamin E, B5) added for additional benefits to the skin. It is also common for the cream to include citric acid or urea to help the skin absorb it faster. Cuticle creams are safe to apply every day or even multiple times daily.

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Cuticle Oils

Cuticle oil is a product to prevent the skin from losing moisture; it will keep the nail from splitting off by keeping it plasticized, they do not add water to the skin and therefore are not hydrating, but they form a protective barrier that prevents moisture loss.  Nail care professionals typically apply cuticle oil as the final step of a standard manicure.

Petroleum Jelly

It keeps your nail polish off of the skin during manicures. Also rub it on and around your nails before applying nail polish, to prevent nail polish from sticking to your cuticles, plus the nail polish also applies better when nail is coated with petroleum jelly.

And the miracle Cuticle Serums

The essential purpose of a Nail Repair Serum is to apply, as an intensive treatment, all the necessary active principles directly to the nails in the form of a Serum for topical use. The beneficial effects become evident much faster and you can note in a remarkable way the complete regeneration of the nail with the gradual disappearance of unwanted abnormalities and the restoration of natural nail growth.

Nail Hardeners / Nail Strengtheners / Nail Fortifiers

Nail hardener (or thickener)

A product applied to the fingernails to make them harder, more resistant to breakage. In addition, it will protect them from further damage.
Nail Hardener is similar to nail polish. It is applied to the nail, where it hardens, like a protective shield. The hardener does not actually penetrate the nail and physically change it; it simply rests on top.
A ‘hardener’ usually contains formaldehyde and draws moisture out of the nail, resulting in harder nails but not stronger. Good for weak, thin, flexible nailsDo Not use it on brittle or very rigid nails. Use on natural nails as a base coat and top coat or alone as a clear gloss finish.

Nail Strengtheners

Our nail plates need to be strong enough to resist the stress we put on them by picking, prying, scratching and clawing. Nail strength is important, but the nail must also be flexible. Flexibility is the ability of a nail plate to bend and absorb a load or impact. If the nail plate didn’t bend, most bumps or bangs would result in cracks, breaks or chips.
Therefore if you have soft nails, look for nail strengtheners, these are formulated to increase the nails flexibility and strength and read the label to be sure that there is no formaldehyde in the product.
A nail strengthener is a clear polish that is applied to thin and brittle nails, which penetrates into the molecular structure of the nail, helping to restore keratin to the nails, and reinforce and enhances hydration, flexibility and strength for thicker, stronger and more resilient nails. Use on natural nails as a base coat and top coat or alone as a clear gloss finish.

Nail Fortifier

Nail “fortifiers” basecoat made with vitamins, proteins and calcium, are meant to infuse the nail with supplements, making it stronger.

Nail Brightener

Nails can look yellow or dull. Nail Brightener is specifically formulated for people who don’t use nail colour but want healthy, natural looking nails. To hydrate and brighten your nails!

Cuticle remover

The skin around some nails can be really thick, tough, and overgrown and they stay that way no matter how much you moisturize them. In those cases, using a cuticle remover is a better option for taking care of them. In general, cuticle remover is best for people who are not comfortable with or don’t know how to cut their cuticles.
Before you apply the cuticle remover, soak your fingers in hot water for a few minutes. After the soaking is done, put some cuticle remover on your finger and apply it on the cuticle area. If the cuticle remover is liquid, it would be good to use a small brush. After applying the cuticle remover on the cuticle area, the cuticles are softened and they can be removed and pushed back most of them just by rubbing the cuticle area.

Fungus fighters

A powerful antibacterial and antioxidant helps prevent the spread of fungus and bacteria. In addition, promotes clear, healthy and well-conditioned nails.

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Sources used:

www.skinstore.com
www.sisbib.unmsm.edu.pe
www.health.howstuffworks.com
www.wisegeek.org
www.one-stopbeauty.com
www.health.howstuffworks.com
www.nailsatpanache.wordpress.com
www.cuticlenipper.blogspot.com
www.swatchandlearn.com

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